Gum disease is the single most prevalent disease in America. About 80% of the population has some form of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gums and bone caused by bacterial plaque. Gingivitis is the initial phase of periodontal disease. The symptoms of gingivitis are red, swollen, bleeding gums. If the infection is not treated it may progress to more advance stages of periodontitis, resulting in permanent destruction of the bone and eventual tooth loss. It can be prevented through regular oral hygiene that includes daily brushing and flossing and regular professional cleanings.
Recent research reveals that gum disease is linked to increased risk for major overall health problems, including stroke, heart disease, respiratory problems, osteoporosis, diabetes complications and low birth weight. Regular dental checkups and hygiene visits are vital to oral health and also to overall health.
The milder stages of periodontitis can be treated with non-surgical therapy. This treatment performed by a registered dental hygienist includes deep scaling and root planning to remove the hardened plaque located below the gum line and to smooth the roots of the teeth. In advanced cases we may need to refer you to a periodontal specialist. Ultimately, a patient treated for gum disease will need to be seen on a more frequent schedule for routine cleanings. Please contact us for an evaluation.